Diabetes is a variety of diseases, all of which share that the sugar level in the blood is too high. The underlying causes of this vary depending on the type of diabetes. Common symptoms include large amounts of urine, increased thirst and abnormal fatigue.
In type 1 diabetes, the ability to produce insulin has ceased, and they need to be treated with injected insulin. People with type 2 diabetes do have insulin production, but the amount of insulin produced is not enough. The treatment of type 2 diabetes vary: change of diet and exercise habits, oral medication, or insulin injections.
About 400,000 people in Sweden are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and approximately 50,000 have type 1 diabetes. It is estimated that about 150,000 swedes have diabetes without knowing about it.